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Climate change disasters, international peace and security

News from Nicaragua | Monday, 28 January 2019 |

Drought in Nicaragua 2015, according to the Global Climate Risk Index, Nicaragua is among the top ten countries most affected by climate change

Drought in Nicaragua 2015, according to the Global Climate Risk Index, Nicaragua is among the top ten countries most affected by climate change

Summary of speech by Dr Paul Oquist to the UN Security Council, January 25, 2019. Dr Oquist is the Minister-Private Secretary on National Policies to the Nicaraguan Presidency.

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There are 11 years before 2030 [the date by which global emissions will have to be reduced by 42%] and climate change is advancing much faster than the international community.

To defend international peace and security from the impact of climate change we have to make decisions on which to base our policies:

• Science or greed?

• The common good of humanity and the Planet in the long term or short term national economic advantage?

• The defence of the most vulnerable populations or the promotion of selfish economic interests based on endless, limitless and meaningless growth of production, consumption and capital accumulation on a Planet with limited resources?

Future climate change projections are catastrophic if urgent action is not taken, as illustrated by the collapse of past civilisations.

The current crisis is even more serious because of the environmental as well as human consequences.

However, the current crisis, unlike those of the past, is caused by human activity: we have the power to influence the causes.

If climate change causes economic collapse in Central America, 18 million people could head for the region’s cities or march northwards to climb over, dig under or pass through whatever wall they find in their way.

As the Scientific Panel of the IPCC [International Panel on Climate Change] has pointed out, if we do not reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 42% by 2030 in order to achieve a sustainable zero-emission society by 2050, it will not be possible to halt the rise in the global average temperature at 1.5°C.

Lack of political will is the biggest obstacle.

The only scientific, fair and ethical way to cover losses and damages is for the countries that have caused the phenomenon to assume their historical and current responsibility by compensating those suffering the consequences.

The future of our civilization and ecosystems vital to life on Mother Earth depend on the 1.5°C target. We need a real and effective movement for survival.

Added documents: pdf file Download Global Climate Risk Index 2019pdf file (1376 kb)

pdf file Download Full version of Dr Paul Oquist speech to UN Security Councilpdf file (414 kb)