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'Cooperative, equitable and durable solution to climate crisis’

News from Nicaragua | Friday, 12 December 2014 |

At the UNFCCC conference (COP20) in Peru, Nicaragua delivered a statement demanding “a solid and robust international outcome that fully implements the UNFCCC's provisions, principles, and structure. This will enable all countries to solve the climate crisis together in a fair manner.” Nicaraguan representative Paul Oquist, delivered the statement on behalf of the Like-Minded Developing Countries group (LMDC), representing half of the world's population and most of the world's poor.

The statement went on to highlight the responsibility of developed countries: …” developing countries are already doing more and more to address climate change largely with their own resources, developed countries should be leading in cutting their emissions in accordance with the UNFCCC and its Kyoto Protocol rather than backsliding on their commitments.”

“ We also expect to see developed countries fulfill their commitments by providing more financial resources, improving access to climate knowledge and technology through effective technology transfer, and helping build skills and capacity so that developing countries will be able to undertake adaptation, mitigation, sustainable development and poverty eradication simultaneously, thus benefitting all.”

Paul Oquist made particular reference to the historic responsibility of the countries that have caused climate change that should be paying for adaption in those countries which did not cause this phenomenon but who suffer the consequences.

“Developed countries are trying to avoid the responsibility of financing the mitigation of and adaption to climate change. Nicaragua insists that there needs to be a document that strikes a balance between mitigation, adaption, loss and damage, but that also includes the means for implementation, finance, technology transfer and skills transfer”.

However, Oquist pointed out that developed countries want to limit the outcome of the Paris Summit scheduled for December 2015 to mitigation mechanisms.

“They only want to measure mitigation, they don’t wont to see adaption needs included in the agreement. They are taking a hard stand and their position is unacceptable to developing countries”, said Oquist.

“The Paris agreement will be applicable to everyone and therefore has to be acceptable to everyone”, he concluded.


The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), COP20, took place in Lima, Peru from 1 to 12 December 2014.